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Annual Report 2013
Newsletter October-December 2013
Ethics Guidelines 2011
NUHRA 2011-2016
PCHRD Primer 2010
eHealth Forum features ICT innovations for better healthcare at NSTW 2014

eHealth Forum features ICT innovations for better healthcare at NSTW 2014

    The Philippine Council for Health Research and Development – Department of Science and Technology (PCHRD-DOST) and Department of…

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ASEAN Network for Drugs pushes for collaborative innovations on traditional medicine

ASEAN Network for Drugs pushes for collaborative innovations on traditional medicine

With the vision of advancing together as one community, delegates from the ASEAN member states convened on June 26 –…

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PH’s traditional medicine thrives despite challenges

PH’s traditional medicine thrives despite challenges

Representing the Philippines, Dr. Isidro C. Sia, the Director of Institute of Herbal Medicine, identified some of the country’s challenges…

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How bee propolis may prevent tooth decay

How bee propolis may prevent tooth decay

  Photo from wikipedia.org Researchers from the University of the Philippines College of Dentistry found that bee propolis, a brownish…

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Experts identify a possible genetic marker for oral cavity cancer

Experts identify a possible genetic marker for oral cavity cancer

A type of genetic variation (also known as genetic polymorphism) labeled as GSTP1 was found significantly common among patients with…

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Malnutrition prevalent among cancer patients - study

Malnutrition prevalent among cancer patients - study

Doctors advised to perform routine nutritional assessments among cancer patients after a study revealed 84% of cancer patients admitted for…

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More Filipino patients do not understand doctor’s prescription, according to study

More Filipino patients do not understand doctor’s prescription, according to study

More than half (55%) of adult Filipino patients have difficulty understanding their doctor’s prescription, according to a study at the…

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“Bayag-usa” plant shows anti-cancer properties, researchers confirm

“Bayag-usa” plant shows anti-cancer properties, researchers confirm

Researchers eyed an endemic plant in the country named Blanco (Voacanga globosa), known as “bayag-usa” in Filipino, as a potential…

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Retinopathy screening must include older, bigger premature babies: Pinoy doctors suggest

Retinopathy screening must include older, bigger premature babies: Pinoy doctors suggest

  Photo from huffingtonpost.com Doctors from Metro Manila hospitals proposed to include in the retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening criteria…

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Birthing clinics improve rural healthcare access, referrals, disease monitoring

Birthing clinics improve rural healthcare access, referrals, disease monitoring

  Photo from De La Salle University Birthing clinics and health facilities, including those donated by Zuellig Family Foundation, are…

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Maternal nutrition before conception may alter baby’s genes: study

Maternal nutrition before conception may alter baby’s genes: study

A woman who aims to conceive must modify her diet, a new study  published in the Journal of Nature Communications…

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Psoriasis may indicate HIV infection, study says

Psoriasis may indicate HIV infection, study says

Doctors were warned to be watchful of suspicious manifestation of skin diseases after a case study reported a 29-year old…

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Proteins in urine may be used for prostate cancer detection, say Filipino scientists

Proteins in urine may be used for prostate cancer detection, say Filipino scientists

A group of Filipino researchers discovered five distinct proteins in human urine that can be used to diagnose prostate cancer.…

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Ginseng may prevent influenza A virus infection, study found

Ginseng may prevent influenza A virus infection, study found

Ginseng, specifically the Panax ginseng or commonly known as the red Korean ginseng, showed potential beneficial effects in preventing flu…

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Doctors abroad use locally developed software to computerize prescription

Doctors abroad use locally developed software to computerize prescription

Doctors abroad now use software developed by a Davao doctor meant to replace handwritten prescriptions. Despite its success abroad, software…

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What Pinoys should know about Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus

What Pinoys should know about Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus

In September 2012, a virus resembling Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) was discovered in Jeddah Saudi Arabia. It was initially…

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8th PNHRS Week to focus on health researches’ role in disaster, emergency health management

8th PNHRS Week to focus on health researches’ role in disaster, emergency health management

The Philippine National Health System (PNHRS) will be celebrating its 8th PNHRS week on 12-14 August, 2014 at Radisson Blu…

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Gene-diet interaction influences colorectal cancer risk, study found

Gene-diet interaction influences colorectal cancer risk, study found

  photograbbed from http://english.ahram.org.eg A person who carries a specific gene variant, and primarily consumes red and processed meats is…

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Fast food products: more energy but low in fiber, study says

Fast food products: more energy but low in fiber, study says

  Photo from vector4u.com Researchers from University of the Philippines Diliman found that most of the commonly-consumed fast food products…

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UP researchers develop software to monitor fast food diet

UP researchers develop software to monitor fast food diet

University of the Philippines Diliman (UPD) designed a software called “Fast Food Nutrient Comparison Program” to monitor fast food diet…

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Anti-microbial resistant Salmonella detected in commercial swine

Anti-microbial resistant Salmonella detected in commercial swine

  Photo from wired.com Consumers should be careful in buying meat and other meaty products as researchers detected anti-microbial resistant…

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What you should know about Measles

What you should know about Measles

In January this year, the Department of Health (DOH) alerted the public with several announcements of measles outbreak in several…

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Pomegranate peel-whey powder mixture may enhance antioxidant properties of functional foods, study recommends

Pomegranate peel-whey powder mixture may enhance antioxidant properties of functional foods, study recommends

  photo grabbed from http://www.seyeneco.com Not given much attention and recognized only as a minor crop in the Philippines, the…

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Human adenovirus, a potential cause of severe fatal pneumonia in babies

Human adenovirus, a potential cause of severe fatal pneumonia in babies

Filipino and Japanese researchers detected human adenovirus (HAdV) serotype 7, a virus causing acute lower respiratory infection, among young infants…

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Researchers identify inexpensive, ‘no-drug’ therapies for dementia patients

Researchers identify inexpensive, ‘no-drug’ therapies for dementia patients

  Dr. Encarnita Raya-Ampil at PCHRD 32nd Anniversary In taking care of people with dementia, family members and workers in…

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Mango leaf extract promotes wound healing, study found

Mango leaf extract promotes wound healing, study found

  photo grabbed from www. flickr.com Known as treatment for diabetes, chronic lung diseases, asthma and colds, the leaves of…

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Moringa potential ingredient for mouthwash, toothpaste

Moringa potential ingredient for mouthwash, toothpaste

  photo grabbed from www.bubblenews.com Researchers from Our Lady of Fatima University discovered the latest benefit of Moringa, locally known…

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DOST, COHRED sign agreement for Philippine hosting of Global Forum 2015 in Manila

DOST, COHRED sign agreement for Philippine hosting of Global Forum 2015 in Manila

  Secretary Mario G. Montejo of Department of Science and Technology (left) and Prof. Carel IJsselmuiden of Council on Health…

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PCHRD Scholar Society to empower health R&D in PH

PCHRD Scholar Society to empower health R&D in PH

“Our vision is to become the powerhouse of health research in the country,” said Dr. Josefina P. Tuazon, President of…

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Lessons from Yolanda: 4 ways to improve the retrieval and identification of bodies in disasters

Lessons from Yolanda: 4 ways to improve the retrieval and identification of bodies in disasters

Forensic expert from the University of the Philippines Manila, Dr. Racquel Fortun, recommended ways to improve the retrieval and identification…

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How to beat glaucoma

Life, they say, begins at 40. However, it is also at this age that certain ailments start to make its presence felt.

One of these ailments is glaucoma, a condition where loss of vision occurs because of an abnormally high pressure in the eye.

There is reason to worry about this ailment because glaucoma is the third leading cause of blindness in the world. In 2000, an estimated 60.8 million people worldwide were affected with glaucoma.

The Third Philippine National Survey of Blindness indicated that glaucoma is the leading cause of bilateral blindness (after cataract and error of refraction) and the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the country.

“The problem with glaucoma is that the symptoms do not manifest early enough and when the patient does consult a doctor, it is already in its later stages,” said Dr. Mario Aquino, honorary director of the International Eye Institute of St. Luke’s Medical Center.

“Early detection is still the key to controlling glaucoma,” he added.

Glaucoma is a disease of the major nerve of vision called the optic nerve. The optic nerve receives light from the retina and transmits impulses to the brain that we perceive as vision.

Glaucoma is characterized by a particular pattern of progressive damage to the optic nerve that generally begins with a subtle loss of side vision (peripheral vision). If it is not diagnosed and treated, it can progress to loss of central vision and blindness.

Glaucoma is usually, but not always, associated with elevated pressure in the eye or intraocular pressure. Generally, it is this elevated eye pressure that leads to damage of the eye (optic) nerve.

In some cases, glaucoma may occur in the presence of normal eye pressure. This form of glaucoma is believed to be caused by poor regulation of blood flow to the optic nerve.

This ailment is often called “the sneak thief of the night” because the intraocular pressure can build up and destroy sight without causing obvious symptoms.

Thus, awareness and early detection of glaucoma are extremely important because this disease can be successfully treated when diagnosed early.

While everyone is at risk for glaucoma, certain people are at a much higher risk and need to be checked more frequently by an ophthalmologist.

The major risk factors for glaucoma include age over 45 years, family history of glaucoma, diabetes, history of elevated intraocular pressure, nearsightedness, history of injury to the eye, use of steroid, and farsightedness.

“It is recommended that those at high risk of getting glaucoma undergo regular screening so that this can be detected early on,” said Aquino.

“An ophthalmologist can usually detect individuals who are at risk for glaucoma before nerve damage occurs,” he said.

The patient will have to undergo a series of tests to determine if he has glaucoma. While nerve damage and visual loss from glaucoma cannot usually be reversed, glaucoma is a disease that can generally be controlled.

“In advanced cases, however, surgery is highly recommended,” Aquino said. “With so many advances made in the instruments used for the surgery, the success rate for such surgery is relatively high.”

Glaucoma is just one of the topics that will be tackled during the first St. Luke’s Medical Center – International Eye Symposium slated on Sept. 29-30 at Edsa Shangri-La Hotel.

Five world-renowned experts in the field of ophthalmology have been invited to grace the two-day symposium, namely Dr. Carmen Puliafito, professor and chairman of the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute in Florida, USA; Dr. Ivan Goldberg, clinical associate professor at Sydney University in Australia; Dr. Uday Devgan, chief of ophthalmology, Olive View, UCLA Medical Center, Jules Stein Eye Institute in California; Dr. Roy Chuck, director of refractive surgery, Wilmer Eye Institute in Maryland; and Dr. Klaus Ditzen, clinical associate professor, Eye Surgery Center Weinheim in Germany.

“There have been so many developments in the field of ophthalmology so this will be a good opportunity for our colleagues to learn from the experts,” said Aquino, chairman of the symposium’s scientific committee.

source:Philippine Star
http://www.philstar.com/index.php?Science%20and%20Technology&p=49&type=2&sec=36&aid=2007091973

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